Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes inflammation and ulcers in your digestive tract. Ulcerative colitis affects the innermost lining of your large intestine, also called the colon, and rectum. In most people, symptoms usually develop over time, rather than suddenly.
Ulcerative colitis can be draining and can sometimes lead to life-threatening complications. While it has no known cure, there are several new treatments that can greatly reduce signs and symptoms of the disease and bring about long-term remission (controlled state of disease)
Ulcerative colitis symptoms can vary, depending on the severity of inflammation and where it occurs. Signs and symptoms may include:
Most people with ulcerative colitis have mild to moderate symptoms. The course of ulcerative colitis may vary, when a long-term controlled state of disease occurs, it is called remission.
Possible complications of ulcerative colitis include:
Endoscopic procedures with tissue biopsy are the only way to definitively diagnose ulcerative colitis
Blood tests, stool tests are complementary.
Ulcerative colitis treatment usually involves either medication therapy or surgery.
Several categories of medications may be effective in treating ulcerative colitis. The type you take will depend on the severity of your condition. The medications that work well for some people may not work for others. It may take time to find a medication that helps you.
In addition, because some medications have serious side effects, you’ll need to weigh the benefits and risks of any treatment