A colon polyp is a small clump of cells that forms on the lining of the colon. Most colon polyps are harmless. But over time, some colon polyps can develop into colon cancer. Colon cancer can be fatal when found in its later stages.
Anyone can develop colon polyps. You’re at higher risk if you are 50 or older, are overweight or are a smoker. You’re also at higher risk if you have a personal or family history of colon polyps or colon cancer.
Colon polyps don’t usually cause symptoms. It’s important to have regular screening tests because colon polyps found in the early stages can usually be removed safely and completely. The best prevention for colon cancer is regular screening for and removal of polyps.
These polyps are of different sizes and shapes, they can be either sessile polyps or pedunculated polyps.
Polyps can be removed endoscopically / colonoscopically using devices which can cut the polyp using current. Patients won’t feel any pain during the procedure of cutting the polyp. Post removal, polyps are retrieved with the help of endoscopic accessories and retrieved back, sent for examination under microscope.
Post polypectomy, patient might complain of mild abdominal discomfort, bleeding from the polyp removal site, which can be immediate or delayed. If there is immediate bleed or anticipation of delayed bleed, endoscopic haemostasis can be achieved with hemoclips or any other method of haemostasis (coagulation)