What is colitis?

Colitis is inflammation in your colon, which is the main part of your large intestine. Your colon is the last leg of the journey your food takes through your digestive system. Inflammation in your colon can affect the way this journey ends, causing pain, diarrhea and sometimes blood in your poop. Inflammation is your body’s response to infection or injury. It causes swelling and tenderness in your tissues.

Is colitis a serious disease?

There are different types of colitis, with different causes. Some are short-lived and easy to treat, like when you have a bacterial infection from food poisoning. Other types — called inflammatory bowel diseases — are more chronic and difficult to treat. Colitis is more serious when it doesn’t go away. A severe case can do serious damage to your colon over time. It also affects your quality of life

Common symptoms include:

Acute cases may cause:

Chronic cases may cause:

You might consult your doctor for the symptoms, who will investigate it and manage with medications if required.


You might require Blood work up, Stool tests, Endoscopy and Colonoscopic tissue tests for guiding further management.